Revision and cladistic analysis of the Neotropical spider genus Phoneutria Perty, 1833 (Araneae, Ctenidae), with notes on related Cteninae

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2001
Authors:M. Simó, Brescovit A. D.
Journal:Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society
Volume:12
Pagination:67-82
Keywords:Phoneutria
Abstract:

The genus Phoneutria is revised, including five current species: P. boliviensis (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge), P. fera Perty, P. reidyi (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge), P. nigriventer (Keyserling), and P. bahiensis sp. n. from north-eastern Brazil. A new diagnosis for the genus is presented. The following new synonymies are established: P. keyserlingi (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge) and P. pertyi (F. O. Pickard- Cambridge) with P. nigriventer; P. depilata (Strand), P. nigriventroides (Strand), Ctenus chilesicus Strand, ‘‘C. peregrinoides’’ Strand, C. valdehirsutulus Strand and C. signativenter Strand with P. boliviensis; and C. forcipatus Mello-Leitão with P. reidyi. P. unilineata (Simon) and P. decora Gerstäcker are transferred to Ctenus. Phoneutria rufibarbis Perty and P. ochracea C. L. Koch are considered species inquirenda. A key to species is provided. A cladistic analysis of Phoneutria is presented, using comparative morphological data. The monophyly of Cteninae and the inter- relationships of the genera are discussed. The subfamily Phoneutriinae Bücherl is synonymised with Cteninae.

URL:http://wiki.britishspiders.org.uk/index.php5?title=BAS_Bulletin_Volume_12
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