|Publication Type:||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication:||2001|
|Authors:||M. Simó, Brescovit A. D.|
|Journal:||Bulletin of the British Arachnological Society|
The genus Phoneutria is revised, including five current species: P. boliviensis (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge), P. fera Perty, P. reidyi (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge), P. nigriventer (Keyserling), and P. bahiensis sp. n. from north-eastern Brazil. A new diagnosis for the genus is presented. The following new synonymies are established: P. keyserlingi (F. O. Pickard-Cambridge) and P. pertyi (F. O. Pickard- Cambridge) with P. nigriventer; P. depilata (Strand), P. nigriventroides (Strand), Ctenus chilesicus Strand, ‘‘C. peregrinoides’’ Strand, C. valdehirsutulus Strand and C. signativenter Strand with P. boliviensis; and C. forcipatus Mello-Leitão with P. reidyi. P. unilineata (Simon) and P. decora Gerstäcker are transferred to Ctenus. Phoneutria rufibarbis Perty and P. ochracea C. L. Koch are considered species inquirenda. A key to species is provided. A cladistic analysis of Phoneutria is presented, using comparative morphological data. The monophyly of Cteninae and the inter- relationships of the genera are discussed. The subfamily Phoneutriinae Bücherl is synonymised with Cteninae.