Es una de las especies que suelen encontrarse en la vegetación, frecuentando los tallos de plantas, troncos de árboles y, en algunas ocasiones, en las edificaciones humanas. Las plantaciones de palmito, cocoteros y palmas en general son lugares donde la especie es muy común. Algo peculiar es que se pueden encontrar especímenes tanto en bosque como en zonas alteradas. Por lo general, los individuos del bosque son de mayor tamaño y de coloración amarillenta, y los de zonas alteradas, de colores oscuros y más pequeños.
La población es abundante y se adapta perfectamente a los cambios que el ser humano realiza en el medio. Es una especie muy abundante en algunos lugares, principalmente en plantaciones de pejibaye, en donde al momento de la corta y recolección de las plantas se pueden encontrar facilmente más de 50 ejemplares en un corto tiempo.
Al igual que otros escorpiones, las hembras mantienen a sus crías en sus dorsos alrededor de una semana. Durante este tiempo los individuos inmaduros realizan su primera muda, después de lo cual abandonan la protección del dorso materno.
Within its range, C. limbatus is a common predator in the vegetation of the forestunderstory, where it can be found among the vegetation. It is also known to frequent houses and other building where shelter and food are abundant.C. limbatus is a diurnal species that spends night hiding in cracks and crevices. It has been recorded from sea level to 1400 meters.
C. limbatus is a relatively large scorpion and grows up to 110 mm in length. It is a polymorphic species that comes in a wide range of colors. Typically they have yellowish bodies with a contrasting blackish color on chelicera, the fingers of the pedipalps, the fifth segment of the tail, and the cephalothorax. Some individuals are paler over all, and some other individual are darker overall and display a bluish-black color. Numerous chromatic variations can be found between these two extremes.
A researcher associated with the Smithsonian Institution assures that "this species is not considered dangerous to humans" but warns that nonetheless that they "are venomous and being stung by one is no picnic." According to another researcher's firsthand account of being stung while trying to capture a subadult specimen near Tortuguero, Costa Rica:
There was immediate pain, as if being penetrated by a thorn much larger than the actual sting. The site of the sting felt tight and as if it was burning, although there was little visible inflimation [sic]. After approximately an hour, the pain had subsided to the point where I was more aware of a sensation of tingling like when you stick your tongue on a 9V battery. After an additional half hour, the pain and tingling had subsided to the point where my thumb felt like it had a sealed paper cut on it -- where moving my thumb felt odd but keeping it still was without much sensation. Several hours later, this too had subsided and I felt nothing. At no point did I experience any systemic effects, nor did the symptoms extend beyond the initial sting site -- not even as far as my first joint on my thumb.
The report also notes "Scorpions have been reported to be accidentally transported to areas where they are not indigenous, and patients may present anywhere with envenomation by dangerous scorpion species."
C. limbatus belongs to the Gracilis species group. All of the species in this group are characterized by their long, narrow pedipalps and overall relatively large size.C. bicolor closely resembles C. limbatus but these two species can be discerned from each other by the color of the pincers as well as more subtle characteristics.